The Behavior Intervention Plan
After a functional behavior assessment (FBA) has been conducted, the IEP team must develop (or revise) the student’s behavior intervention plan (BIP). The BIP has many components. It should:
- describe the problem behavior,
- give best guesses as to why the behavior occurs,
- and, include positive strategies, program or curricular modifications, and additional supports.
The data collected during the FBA should be used to develop the plan and to determine the discrepancy between the child’s actual and expected behavior.
The BIP should also include:
- a baseline measure of the problem behavior, this should include the frequency, duration, and intensity of the targeted behaviors (It is imperative that the baseline measure includes data taken across activities, settings, people and times of the day);
- intervention strategies to be used to alter events that preceed a behavior (antecedent) to prevent the occurrence of the behavior, teach individual alternative and adaptive behaviors to the student, and provide consequences for the targeted inappropriate behavior(s) and alternative acceptable behavior(s); and
- a schedule to measure the effectiveness of the interventions.
Intervention plans emphasizing the skills that students need in order to behave in a more appropriate manner, or plans providing motivation to conform to required standards, will be more effective than plans that simply serve to control behavior. Positive plans for behavioral intervention will address both the source of the problem and the problem itself.
IEP teams may want to consider the following techniques when designing behavior intervention plans and supports:
- Manipulate the antecedents and/or consequences of the behavior;
- Teach more acceptable replacement behaviors that serve the same function as the inappropriate behavior;
- Implement changes in curriculum and instructional strategies; and
- Modify the physical environment.
Is the BIP Working?
If a BIP is working, the challenging behaviors will be reduced. If the behaviors do not improve, then the BIP needs to be revisted and updated. Parents may request a (FBA) and (BIP) at any time if a child’s problem behaviors are becoming worse, or when the team cannot explain to you why the problem behaviors occur.
Connecting the BIP to the IEP
A student’s need for a behavioral intervention plan must be documented throughout the IEP. The (IEP) must indicate if a particular device or service, including an intervention, accommodation or other program modification is needed to address the student’s behavior that impedes the student’s learning or classmates’ learning. When the BIP is attached to the IEP, it becomes part of the IEP. An updated BIP can be attached to the IEP with an IEP amendment.