Positive Behavior Interventions
Positive Behavior Interventions is an approach to reducing, and ultimately preventing challenging behavior. The goal is to improve the quality of life for the individual with challenging behaviors as well as those who provide support for them.
The first step in PBIS is determining why the student is engaging in challenging behavior. Until the function of a behavior is identified an appropriate plan to address the behavior can not take place. Typically a formal behavior assessment needs to take place in order to help a team determine why a behavior is occurring. Once that happens the team can formulate a hypothesis, based on the behavior assessment, as to the function of the students behavior. Once the team has an idea of why a behavior is occurring, they can focus on changes to the environment as well as teaching appropriate replacement behaviors that meet the same need as the inappropriate behavior.
In order for PBIS to be successful families and school districts must work together and be consistent when implementing strategies. Families can provide valuable information when discussing behaviors and strategies to address those behaviors across multiple environments. Schools can provide information and strategies to support children in academic and social/behavioral skills. When families and schools work together toward the common goal of helping children to be successful, everyone benefits.